Amygdala is a boss that appears in Bloodborne.
This page contains lore theories by Rakuyo. Please understand these are musings and interpretations by a player, and are not to be taken as official or representative of other's views.
2. Significance of the name "Amygdala"
3. Amygdalas Around The World
5. Amygdala And The Mi-Go
6. Amygdala The Fruiting Body
7. Amygdala and Chaos
8. The Connection Between Amygdala and Gerðr The Jötunn
9. Amygdala's Sex and Gender
11. Observations & Trivia
Amygdala is a giant, nine-limbed monster that resides in the Nightmare Frontier.
Referred to as "Lord Amygdala" by Patches the Spider, Amygdala may be behind his transformation into a spider.
An NPC with the voice of Patches will bestow upon you the Tonsil Stone if spoken to after the death of Rom.
This rock, which looks like Amygdala's head, may be used to gain access to the Nightmare Frontier.
Within the Nightmare, Amygdala rests invisibly atop a tower until the player gets close. She drops the Ailing Loran Chalice.
In the following quotations, Patches talks about Amygdala or mentions nameless divines.
"Heh heh heh heh...Oh Amygdala, oh Amygdala...
Have mercy on the poor bastard...Hah hah hah!"
"What a joy it is, to behold the divine.
It must be such a pleasure. You're in my debt, you know.
You're in nigh on a beast of the field, but here you are, treading a measure with the gods."
"Hah hah hah! Don't dally, you lucky scamp! The gift of the godhead
cometh! Heh heh heh... yes... Ha hah!"
"Ah, well met. My apologies, but I feel a profound thought occurring...
On the good grace of a certain god, and the way he meted out his love. *laughs*"
Significance of the name "Amygdala"
1. Amygdalae are a pair of neural nodes inside the brain. Amygdalae are part of the limbic system, a very old part of the brain, and are involved in processing emotional reactions. Amygdalae link memories to emotions. Amygdalae assure that you store frightening experiences and that you respond adequately to a situation that you remember as frightening. They're also needed to recall the emotional nature of memories. This could mean that Amygdala's behavior is related to a very emotional memory.
2. Amygdala is the medical name for "tonsil". The tonsils are a pair of glands at the back of the throat, they serve to protect the body against infection. Standing on the frontline of the body's immune system, they're infamous for getting infected. Like the appendix, they are often removed upon infection. Upon the item Tonsil Stone, you can read: "A latticed, deformed rock, or perhaps a meteorite. Appears useless, but possesses some odd gravitational force that prevents its riddance." It states that the stone is malformed, useless but difficult to get rid of. This malformed, useless rock could refer to the nature of the "not so important" tonsils. This might illustrate the nature of Amygdala. It's possible that she's unwanted and malformed but difficult to get rid of. A tonsil stone is a real thing, they're sometimes formed in the crevices of the tonsils. They're harmless but spread a putrid smell.
3. Amygdalē is Greek, meaning "almond". Amygdaloid is a word used to refer to anything shaped like an almond, specifically this refers to a spectrum of shapes in between a triangle and an ellipse. The almond tree blooms in winter. The nuts produced by the wild variant contain deadly poison.
4. A hernia of the cerebellar amygdalae - "cerebellar tonsils" - entails a Chiari malformation. This can cause headaches, difficulty focusing, concentrating, and thinking, reduced coping skills, fatigue, muscle weakness, difficulty swallowing, gagging, choking, vomiting, dizziness, nausea, tinnitus, impaired coordination, neck pain, unsteady gait and balance problems, poor hand coordination, numbness and tingling of the hands and feet, as well as speech problems. Less often, people with Chiari malformation may experience tinnitus, slow or fast heart rhythm, a curvature of the spine (scoliosis), abnormal breathing, central sleep apnea, and, in severe cases, paralysis.
Amygdalas around the world
The being generally referred to as "Amygdala" is the boss found inside the Nightmare Frontier, which drops the Loran Chalice.
But there are many other important "amygdalans", like the "Lesser Amygdalas ", found in Cathedral Ward and Yahar'gul.
Most Lesser Amygdalas are found in Yahar'gul, to see the creatures you must have defeated Rom, or have acquired 40 insight.
Amygdalan art appears in Byrgenwerth , The Nightmare Frontier , Cathedral Ward and The Hunter's Nightmare .
Art also appears The Forbidden Woods and Yahar'gul , while corpses are found in The Hunter's Nightmare .
The white marks on their dried out exoskeletons indicate that these Nightmare amygdalans were of the boss variety.
Unlike the boss variant, Lesser Amygdalas cannot be damaged, have darker pigmentation, and no white marks .
Lesser Amygdalas have tentacles extending from their heads , but Amygdala does not herself have any tentacles .
Amygdala also has a glowing chest opening , but Lesser Amygdalas only have a non-glowing chest opening .
One Lesser Amygdala in Cathedral Ward is responsible for warping the player to The Hunter's Nightmare DLC .
This can only happen after the player has acquired The Eye of a Blood-drunk Hunter, otherwise the grab deals damage.
Finally, Amygdala boss fights can be found in Great Isz and Lower Loran Root Chalices and The Pthumeru Defiled Chalice.
There's evidence to suggest a connection between Amygdala , Byrgenwerth and The Garden of Eyes / Mi-Go Zombie.
Byrgenwerth's garden is aligned with statues of mutating humans , some which much resemble Amygdala .
The Garden of Eyes of Byrgenwerth, has amygdalan traits as well, like numerous eyes , and a segmented tail ,.
On top of that, they carry black orbs , depicting a 10 legged spider, which are also aligned with numerous eyes.
There are important differences as well, like Gardens having a form of wings, and being Kin, which Amygdala is not.
The Gardens also have 5 fingers and toes, whereas Amygdala has 6 fingers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot .
Amygdala and the Mi-Go
The Mi-Go are aliens imagined by Lovecraft, described as having a "convoluted ellipsoid" for a head, covered in antennae .
The arthropod like creatures have diverse limb counts, which may explain why Gardens of Eyes have 12 limbs, and Amygdala 9.
Mi-Go may remove and attach new limbs, like tools. That same behavior is shown by Amygdala during the boss battle .
The Mi-Go are described as fungoid. Amygdala's head imitates latticed fungi like Colus , Ileodictyon , and Clathrus .
Mi-Go are also described as crustacean-like. While Amygdala doesn't exactly remind of a lobster, she's certainly arthropod-like.
Mi-Go have an insect-like society divided into castes: worker, soldier and scientist. Gardens of Eyes may be this scientist cast.
They worship The Outer Gods and are of malicious intent. Their name is derived from the Tibetan "Migou" which means "Yeti".
The Mi-Go are made from otherworldly matter, and cannot be caught on film, making their detection seem like an hallucination.
Amygdalans are similarly undetectable , becoming visible only after the player either defeats Rom or amasses 40 Insight.
Amygdala, The Fruiting Body
"Mould that grows from rotten flesh and blood inside the old labyrinth. Matures to bear giant spores." - Tomb Mold
"Tomb Mold" is the blood-drinking fungus that infests The Labyrinth , and is likely to have some connection to Kin.
While fungus can be found in every type of Pthumerian Labyrinth, its "giant spores" may only be found within Isz .
Above ground, giant spores appear on the spider of the Altar of Despair and in the cave beneath Iosfka's Clinic
They also appear in The Hunter's Nightmare, in the ash generated by the black lava , and in the river of blood .
Master Willem appears infested by fungus . Mi-Go are fungoid, and fungi seem to have some connection to Kin.
Gardens of Eyes are Kin, as are the mushroom-like Celestials , and the mushroom-eyed Celestial Larvae .
Amygdala's unusual head resembles the fruit of Phallaceae , a family of fungi with diverse fruits .
The Labyrinth ceilings are covered in mycelium, the white threaded, subterranean body of a fungus .
It may be mistaken for cobwebs, but the size and structure are off, and spiders don't hang webs parallel to a surface.
Fungi are subterranean predators, who grow hyphae in search of food, which once found is infested and consumed .
Mushrooms are what mycelium produces when the fungus seeks to reproduce, they are merely its reproductive organs.
Mushrooms in turn release clouds of spores, which should they land on food, will then sprout hungry mycelium threads.
That Amygdala's head resembles a fruiting body, could indicate Amygdala as being the transient phase of an organism.
But Amygdala's "Phallaceae head" could also be a living, breathing insult, connecting her amygdaloid head to genitalia.
Amygdala and Chaos
Apart from its similarities to latticed fungi, Amygdala's head also takes after the swellings of the DS1 "Egg Carrier ".
In DS3, the latticed pattern appeared as fungus on a staff , which the Corvian used to cast fire and poison spells.
It's a recurring pattern associated with poison . The staff relates Amygdala to both fungi and pyromancy.
The witches and their pyromancy are entwined with poison, and are at times capable of "insight related invisibility ".
Quelana refers to her mother and siblings as "deformed" , which is also the word chosen to refer to amygdalans .
"A latticed, deformed rock, or perhaps a meteorite.
Appears useless, but possesses some odd gravitational force that prevents its riddance. A dubious soul once said:
Step lightly round to the right of the great cathedral... The gift of the godhead will grant you strength..." - Tonsil Stone
Amygdala's spider-like traits were also exhibited by Quelaag , The Daughter of Chaos and The Bed of Chaos
The insect-like Centipede Demon and Ceaseless Discharge , both had a large orange gash on their chests .
Amygdala has the same trait . For Centipede Demon this served as a mouth , the same may apply to Amygdala.
The Bed of Chaos had tentacular hair , a feature that seems related to the tentacles of the Lesser Amygdalas .
Earlier designs of Amygdala were more plant-like , and she's linked to a poisonous swamp, just like the witches.
This swamp is filled with illustrations of a great tree and roots , which may be references to Lost Izalith .
The scythe-shaped form of the Amygdalan Arm may also be explained as a recycling of The Bed of Chaos' arm .
The Demon Ruins and Lost Izalith were overgrown by great roots , like those seen below Amygdala's arena .
Their areas were lava themed . The Nightmare Frontier also shows signs of volcanic activity .
The Caryll Runes found in The Nightmare Frontier are about reducing poison and fire damage, as well as increasing health.
Pthumerians live in a labyrinth overgrown by bizarre roots and they are proficient pyromancers .
Their Keeper of the Old Lords , with its Bone Ash Set, is a pyromancer who echoes witches of other titles .
Enemies of the cut content greatly resemble the Chaos Demons of Dark Souls (credit Sanadsk & co)
The Fiery Chaos carries ties to pregnancy , and pregnancy plays a large role in Bloodborne as well .
The Egg Carrier eggs, which resemble Amygdala may have been designed after the eggs from the Alien series .
The Vile Maggot within grabs the player by the face and lays eggs, which resembles the function of the Facehugger .
If that was the inspiration, then connections between aliens and chaos already existed in DS1, thus producing Amygdala.
Such maggots made it into Bloodborne as Hateful Maggots , which infest the Silverbeasts near Amygdala .
The connection between Amygdala and Gerðr the Jötunn
Gerðr was a legendary giantess, or Jötunn, who caught the eye of the Norse god Freyr.
He looked upon her ravishing looks and became heartsick with love.
Freyr confided in his servant Skírnir that he had seen a beautiful girl with shining arms .
"From Gymir's house I behold forth
A maiden dear to me;
Her arms glittered, and from their gleam
Shone all the sea and sky."
"To me more dear than in days of old
Was ever maiden to man;
But no one of gods or elves will grant
That we be together should be."
Skírnir then rides to Jötunheimr to deliver his lord's marriage proposal to the beautiful lady.
Upon arrival, Skírnir offers 11 golden apples of eternal life and a golden ring that multiplies on its own, if only she will marry Freyr.
Yet Gerðr refuses his offer, for the Jotuns are on hostile terms with the Aesir gods and Gymir, Gerðr's father, has no lack of gold.
It is then that Skírnir pulls out his sword, swearing to cut off the girl's head, but Gerðr refuses for she will not be coerced.
Skírnir then threatens to kill her father and he pulls out his magic wand, with which he may curse Gerðr.
He says that she will be forever lost to the sons of men. From early morning, Gerðr will sit on an eagle's mound, facing Hel.
Food shall be hateful to her. Her appearance will be a spectacle. They will glare at her. Everything will stare at her.
Gerðr will experience "madness and howling, tearing affliction and unbearable desire" and in grief, tears will flow from her.
Harassed by fiends in Hel, At the roots of the world , the finest thing Gerðr will be given to drink is the urine of goats .
He carves the runic character *thurisaz on Gerðr, as well as three runes symbolizing lewdness, frenzy, and unbearable desire.
In the Norse story, Gerðr gives in and marries Freyr, but Amygdala may have had a worse ending, with her becoming cursed.
Gerðr is described as a Jotun with shining arms. Amygdala has shining arms , and "Lesser Amygdalas" do not.
Above I mention the possibility that Amygdala is a Mi-Go. "Mi-Go" is derived from a Tibetan word for "Yeti" - a snow giant.
Skírnir stated that Gerðr would be lost to the sight of men, explaining why Amygdala resides in such an isolated dimension.
He also promised that Gerðr would live in Hel "at the roots of the world", and massive roots are seen beneath her arena .
She would also be spectacularly ugly, and drink nothing but piss, which may have become the poison of the Nightmare .
Skírnir also said that Gerðr would sit on a mound, facing Hel. Amygdala sits atop a tower , facing the Nightmare Frontier.
He declares that she is to be with a three-headed "Thurs" and he marks her flesh with the rune "Thurisaz", and also three others.
Thurisaz can mean Jötunn but can also mean "torment" or "thorn", translating to a three-headed: "torment", "Jötunn", or "thorn".
In that context: Amygdala has a tail which ends in three points and also has three, trident-shaped, spines on her back .
"Gerðr" is a variant of Gertrude, which means "spear of strength". Statues of amygdalans often hold spears or staves .
The NMF contains these sludge covered staves . The slime on the church spears suggests they depict the same object.
Supporting the Gerðr theory is the theory that Amygdala is related to the Chaos Witches of Dark Souls 1.
The witches lived beneath an infected swamp , which happened to absorb the excrement of The Depths .
There are potent parallels regarding the looks, themes, and enemies of The Nightmare Frontier and Blighttown.
Blighttown was full of Giant Leeches who could only spit and thrash, much like the NMF Crawlers .
Blighttown had giant, boulder throwing "barbarians ". The NMF is the home of boulder throwing Yetis .
The NMF is full of depictions of a great tree and roots , which may be references to Lost Izalith .
Finally, The Depths contained a mysterious substance , as well as a large number of freakish slimes .
That substance is likely the precursor of "Paleblood Water ", an important substance used in research.
Enlarged Head Patients echo slimes , and they're seen near Paleblood Water, suggesting a connection.
Paleblood Water can form into plaques , which may explain the stains on Amygdala's arms and brain .
The Gaping Dragon, who appeared near the DS1 plaque, had six-fingered hands , just like Amygdala .
The DS1 plaque may be linked to dragon blood , the Bloodborne incarnation of which is Blood Stone .
Supposing Amygdala is Gerðr, then is there a Bloodborne Skírnir as well?
Of Skírnir it is known that he claimed to be neither Aesir, Vanir or Alf, which means he's without a clear origin or affiliation.
As Messenger of the Gods, he's analogous with Hermes/Mercury, bearer of the caduceus , a symbol seen in-game .
The caduceus is a recurring element of Souls titles , and is likely connected to The Primordial Serpents.
The symbol was likely not derived from Mercury, but from Berserk's Symbol Of God - the symbol of pure evil .
Skírnir is Old Norse for "shining one", which is analogous with "Lucifer", who in turn may be equated with "Baphomet ".
"Nyarlathotep " is Lovecraft's "Messenger of The Outer Gods", who is the ruler of the Great Old Ones, akin to Oedon.
Nyarlathotep served as inspiration for The Moon Presence , who's probably one and the same as Formless Oedon .
This Nyarlathotep/Moon Presence could pass for Skírnir, a shady and mercurial herald, the devil in the shape of a servant.
Amygdala's Sex and Gender
This section has sexual content, alongside allusions to extreme sex and/or violence, which can be experienced as unpleasant.
Amygdala's sex is a matter of some dispute in the broader community, with clues pointing in opposed and puzzling directions.
One DLC dialogue of an Amygdalan suggests that that Amygdalan is a female, nonetheless, some believe the voice is Kos.
Lesser Amygdalas are smaller and darker than Amygdala , and they have tentacles, which may point to sexual dimorphism.
Patches refers to Amygdala as a "Lord Amygdala", a title that usually belongs to a male, though there remains room for doubt.
Japanese is a genderless language, which means that translating a term to English, which often demands gender, can be hard.
As discussed above, several traits of Amygdala suggest influence by Izalith, which includes a lot of spider ladies .
Amygdalan tentacles may have come from The Bed of Chaos , while The Fair Lady may have inspired the ashen color.
Patches corresponds to Amygdala in the manner of a male spider - to a large female spider offering a ritualistic snack.
There is also a male Child of Chaos: Ceaseless Discharge , with other characteristics evoking a Centipede Demon .
There has already been a great deal of sexual ambiguity in Souls titles, great examples of which are found in the internal ID lists.
The androgynous Gwyndolin was listed as "ImperialMother", The Bed of Chaos / Witch of Izalith was listed as "IzalisKing".
In the data Amygdala is "FalseGodBig", and Lesser Amygdalas are listed as "FalseGod", names which have been used before.
"Nisekamisama" or "False God" was the internal ID name for a copy of "The Fool's Idol ", a female boss of Demon's Souls.
The Lost Sinner , the heir of The Witch of Izalith, is herself sexually dichotomous: very muscular , with hints of a beard.
There are also odd parallels between Amygdala and The Sinner, like a stigma , and being sentenced/disfigured/cursed.
The Lost Sinner is also connected to all sorts of bandaged enemies , a theme that relates to the land of Loran .
Amygdala is the keeper of the Loran Chalice. Bandages also relate to Casca , which could pertain to the NMF .
Bandages also connect to the Torturers of DS2 , and may have to do with self-harm, which relates to The Witch of Izalith.
Self-injuring is a theme directly linked to Chaos, as is "deformity ", a term also specifically affixed to Amygdala .
"A cursed sword of unknown origin bearing uncanny streaks on its blade. Attacks also damage its wielder.
The sword is not unlike a thing misshapen, granted life, but never welcome in this world.
In other words, chaos itself." - Chaos Blade DS3
"It is an alluring vortex, and a lonely soul. Effect: attacks also damage player." - Chaos Blade DS2
"Butchers " were very muscular women, connected to Blighttown , which may have been an homage to Leatherface .
Gender-bending is an old FromSoftware tradition, and include the change of Seath into Freja, "the coffin" and The Reversal Ring.
It also featured prominently in one of the major inspiration of Souls: Berserk. Which was full of gender experiments .
The enigmatic Heavenly Daughter of DS3, Gertrude, whose name is analogous to Gerðr, is an adherent of DS3's "Angelic Faith".
This Angelic Faith was, I think, derived from God Hand , who wanted to bring forth an Age of Dark . like Kaathe .
Kaathe was once going to appear as a boss in Lothric, staged to be the Angel of the faith of Lothric , but was eventually cut.
He is worshipped by the Hollows of Londor, and is the predecessor of Rosaria of The Cathedral of the Deep, nurse of Dregs .
Dregs are - in my thoughts - a kind of evil spirits that possess people , with a variant that exists in Bloodborne: Blood Dregs.
In Demon's Souls, "Dreglings " were mad humans, Demon slaves, which I believe they still are, resembling Berserk .
In spite of many commonalities between The Cathedral of the Deep and Londor, the church in Londor is The Church of Filianore.
Yet Londor contains the snail people , connected to The Cathedral of the Deep , alongside references to the sea .
Aldrich's "Age of the Deep Sea " could, in fact, be a complex echoing of the drowning of New Londo , the seat of Kaathe.
Water-related ideas may also have been derived from Chaos/Darkness, which is likened to water in Ancient and Biblical tradition.
It's plausible that the Church of Filianore is the same religion as that as of the Cathedral of the Deep, along with The Angelic Faith.
A follower of the Church of Filianore is called: "Spear of the Church", as it happens, spear is the meaning of the name "Gertrude".
Amygdala is connected to spears , hence the theory about Gertrude/Gerðr, and the embroilment of all sorts of smut .
"If thou'rt yet human, the urge will soon begin to swell.
To curse the gods, and bring ruin upon this accursed heap of dung." - Stone Humped Hag
In addition to this, the symbol of the church , appears to be based on Sheela Na Gig , which might refer to Amygdala .
Chaos might explain the oddities of Filianore's Spear Ornament , New Londo could explain the details of Aldrich .
The likeness of Darkness to liquidity may explain the function of Velka , "Purging " and The Pus of Man .
Such ideas of liquidity may trace back to DS2's "Darkwraith covenant": The Brotherhood of Blood and its Undead Purgatory.
Their bloody obsessions might just have inspired Bloodborne's concept of "melting in blood", and The Pthumerian Labyrinth .
As it happens, the jail-like Purgatory , rather resembles the prison city Yahar'gul (Elvish for "dark/bloodwraiths")
This Purgatory contained the two-headed Executioner Chariot , who is the inspiration for Ludwig in The River of Blood .
Ludwig and The River of Blood are tied to Kos and The Orphan , which are in turn coupled to the Pthumerians .
Pthumerians worship the crying woman , their dead end up in The Fishing Hamlet , and they're tied to water .
It's Ludwig who inspired the Deep Accursed enemy, which is tied to the deep sea faith that mirrors Bloodborne .
This religion uses the red veiling , seen in Bloodborne , the motif of crying women and humanlike snails .
Snails conjure up Fishing Hamlet , Deep invokes Deep Ones , and a woman tied to rebirth , rather reminds of Kos.
Symbols of Mensis appear near Aldrich , Murkmen are covered in barnacles , like Fishmen and Hamlet departed .
Angel wings may be the wax-like slime of slugs , or derive from human candles , or from Amygdala .
White gunk, like the stuff seen on Amygdala, yet more fog-like , appeared in The Depths a.k.a Lordran's sewers .
The Depths contained Slimes , which mirror The Enlarged Head Patients , who also possess white markings .
This white could be Messengers , because Winter Lanterns and the Brain of Mensis are covered in Messengers.
Messengers are white, which is the color of death in Japan, and the color is linked to figures associated with death .
DS3's cut content tied pus and Hollows to slugs , which recalls DS2's Ooze , a reiteration of Sticky White Stuff.
Londor is heavily death oriented, and they wear white , alongside black. It's possible that the color refers to ghosts .
Gold mask worn by those who kill in the name of the Sable Church of Londor.
A faint, kindly smile is bound to its surface, giving them the moniker Harlots of Death.
What lies beneath that expression, however, is nothing more than the face of a darkly shriveled Hollow. - Sneering Mask
One of the twisted souls, steeped in strength.
Use to acquire numerous souls, or transpose to extract its true strength.
Friede was the first Ash to enter the painting, but together with the good Father, they chose rot over fire. - Soul of Sister Friede
A braille tome of Londor, first spoken by Liliane of the Sable Church.
Give this to a storyteller to learn miracles of Londor.
This is a forbidden tome, as it offers salvation to all Hollows, and conversely curses all things living. - Londor Braille Divine Tome
Such ideas are affirmed by the strange affinity between Messengers and Murkmen , and their ties to Hollows .
White blood is linked to The Darklurker , who takes after the Grave Wardens , who take after The Pthumerians .
The Grave Wardens worshipped a lady of death , who was associated with dead children, resembling Messengers .
Ever since Nito, death has been intertwined with defilement , something reaffirmed by Nito's reincarnation: The Rotten .
The miasma of death exudes from the sword, a veritable toxin to any living being. - Gravelord Sword
The Rotten inhabited The Gutter , a sewage pit akin to Blighttown , in fact, The Rotten takes after Blighttown's Butchers.
The Rotten embraces all, in his sanctuary for all things unwanted or tossed away. - Soul of The Rotten
This could indicate a closer connection of Nito to Blighttown, and death to sewage than previously thought, clarifying white ooze.
Another indication of that is High Lord Wolnir , the skeleton king initially staged to be the final boss of The Profaned Capital.
The Profaned Capital featured Dung Pie eating Monstrosities of Sin , along with the waste inhabiting Sewer Centipedes .
One might also point to the Dung Pie throwing Cage Spiders , which mimic The Rotten, and concern Wolnir's Mound Makers.
Dung recalls Blighttown , where a Fair Lady once decided to drink all the Blightpus , explaining her ashen color .
If white slop is a kind of dead, that may explain the ties between Bloodborne's slimes and The Pthumerian Undead .
If the dead, like Souls, can form solids then that could explain Brightstone , along with The Gaping Dragon's plaque .
This icky material fits the idea of Milkweed , or Asclepias, which contains latex , a distasteful, poisonous and sticky liquid.
The equivalence to Souls in this respect might explain why such white gunk was smeared onto everything .
Even after its accursed corpse was burned, it is said that the pungent stench of souls left the air permanently stained." - Skull Ring
The material appears on many characters , which may have to do with an underlying connection to Izanami .
Izanami is the Japanese mother goddess that became a rotting demon, traces of which appear in her offshoots .
The witch capital Izalith may have been derived from "Izanami", and Izalith may be linked to Amygdala .
There's evidence to suggest that Bloodborne was intended to include a Chaos Demon / Izalith inspired arc .
If connected to The Bed of Chaos , Amygdalans may also be connected to Sewer Centipedes , and Tree Women .
It's possible that Izalith is tied to the evil tree of life "Qliphoth" and to Berserk's dominatrix God Hand: Slan .
Berserk could explain traits like masochism , goat-demons and the ties Pyromancy has to heresy .
Traces of the tumultuous seedbed that birthed the beings known as Demons. - Chaos Bed Vestiges
It's worth observing at this point that Blighttown is derived from The Valley of Defilement, a swamp of barbarians and excrement.
“Archstone of the Demon Leechmonger The Valley of Defilement leads to a huge swamp into which all that is unclean flows,
becoming a nest for putrilage, vermin, and plague.” - Leechmonger Archstone
Near Pure Mercurystone, and a fountain of blood, Maiden Astraea produced Plague Babies , and founded a religion .
The links to religion were deep, with the Depraved dropping Fainstones, and Garl Vinland's "parietal design" referencing religion.
The Valley also contained Jellyfish and vampiric Phosphorescent Slugs, which may have sired various Bloodborne ideas .
Excrement infested rivers and Mensis could cause "spiritual corruption", even more so if the river has dead, Vermin or Dregs in it.
Spiritual corruption could cause a distortion of reality , a Souls idea , which was probably once derived from Berserk .
You must despise me. But remember, we Monumentals, too, are trapped within this Nexus.
For we prevent your world from breaking apart at the seams. - The Monumental
Amygdala may have been consuming this filth in the manner of the ashen Quelaan, or the atoning Lost Sinner, or the Norse Gerðr.
It's the links to these female characters that has led me to regard Amygdala as a female, in spite of the Lord, therefore male, logic.
Recent translations by Lokey_DS also indicate that in DS1 "Lord" and "King" were used, regardless of sex, for The Witch of Izalith.
That I'm wrong in this respect is not impossible, some evidence points against this thesis, but I prefer regarding Amygdala as she.
"Outside the ordered universe is that amorphous blight of nethermost confusion which blasphemes and bubbles at the center of all infinity—the boundless daemon sultan Azathoth, whose name no lips dare speak aloud, and who gnaws hungrily in inconceivable, unlighted chambers beyond time and space amidst the muffled, maddening beating of vile drums and the thin monotonous whine of accursed flutes."
"Azathoth" is another one of Lovecraft's better-known deities. This primordial being is the sole creator of the universe and father of all evil gods. Though repugnant, Azathoth is described as "an idiot god". His creation of the universe, the evil gods and all life, was an accident. He's described as being void of consciousness and creates from the fundamental chaos within his nature. He did it all with the facility of taking a breath.
In Ebrietas (Lore) I discuss the possibility of Ebrietas being among the monotonous pipers which sing to Azathoth.
Besides the thin monotonous whine of accursed flutes, Azathoth is attended by the "muffled, maddening beating of vile drums".
Amygdala might be sounding those vile drums, as the counterpart of Ebrietas, and the other half of Azathoth's infernal orchestra.
Banging the earth with her palms, Amygdala performs long combos , often too inaccurate and prolonged to be effective.
Many of these combos involve hitting the area just beneath her, performing these even when the player is far removed from her.
When she rips off her arms, she significantly extends her range, yet this doesn't stop her from oddly bashing the ground .
The arms themselves end up looking a great deal like drum sticks , blunt instruments potentially used to worship Azathoth.
There are reasons to believe that Amygdala is crazed. The reference to the brain's amygdalae could indicate a profound trauma.
The fight against Amygdala may not be against a reasoned higher being, whose intent is rational and whose actions are organized.
It may rather be a fight against a delirious individual, psychotically performing a ritual, the purpose of which since long forgotten.
Observations & Trivia
First off, Amygdala has 9 limbs with 6 "digits" on every hand and foot . Each digit has a nail that is long and thin.
There are many stiff hairs on the head , back, knees and arms . Each arm has two elbows but the knees are normal.
A large cage protects her brain, inside of which numerous eyes are hidden . They come out when she screams or uses lasers.
Every eye has another three pupils, triangularly placed around the main pupil. Every hand contains a large orange "eye ",
There also appear to be smaller, auxiliary openings, which may all be functioning eyes, complementing the eyes in her head.
There's a large opening in her chest In Lesser Amygdalas, this opening is less bright and it "blinks" or breathes.
A strange "whiteness" covers some of her arms . White, veiny lines can be seen on her brain as well.
This substance seems fused to the flesh, and its brightness varies, with some parts dull and other parts close to luminous.
One of her arms on the right side seems to be especially bright. She holds it in such a way that the eye is always facing you .
On her back, there are three spines that form a trident . Her heavily plated, segmented tail also ends in three points .
Amygdala "eye sockets" on her feet as well , and she can rip off her own arms, causing volumes of blood to spew forth.
The blood loss does not in any way impair her performance. The ripped off arms themselves actually remain very much alive.
Amygdala can secrete an acidic juice from her "brain" . It's not clear if this is meant to be an attack or a necessity.
It could be the antibodies secreted by the tonsils, it could be stomach juice, it could be the tears Gerðr is supposed to shed.
In any case, the substance inflicts Fire damage, which rather supports the idea that it serves some kind of digestive function.
The original concept art of Amygdala put forward a darker creature, with more plant-like traits, and a scythe-shaped thumb.